Covering over 600, 000 square kilometers, the Rub’ al-Khali (الربع الخالي, “Empty Quarter”) is the largest contiguous desert in the world, encompassing nearly one-third of the Arabian Peninsula. As one of the most inaccessible places on the planet, it remains relatively unexplored even today. Annual rainfall is virtually nonexistent and temperatures fluctuate radically in the course of day, going from the freezing point to over 50° C (122° F). Yet, surprisingly, there are a wide variety of life forms that have adapted to the harsh conditions of the region. The Natural History Collections of Museum Wiesbaden will be devoting a cabinet exhibition to these incredible organisms and their survival strategies in this extreme climate. The exhibition will also examine human influences on the region, which, despite all inhospitable conditions, range from Stone Age discoveries to modern oil extraction.